What’s new in non-surgical skin rejuvenation?

Dr. Dean Kane Q & A Q. In the 41 years since I entered medicine, surgery, anti-aging and hormonal medicine and now cosmetic plastic surgery, options have increased exponentially targeting each component of skin rejuvenation. Prior to this, only a facelift was available. A. Today, there are safe and effective medical and technological options providing rejuvenation changes fill, shrink, even skin color, lift and improve skin function. These include:
  • Dr. Obagi’s Skin Health programs
  • Sculptra
  • Injectibles such as fillers and Botox / Dysport
  • CoolSculpting for fat reduction
  • And now ThermiRF for skin shrinking and skin tightening.
Dr. Dean Kane is a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon with 30 years of experience and our Team is certified in the use of these options. The process of aging is the passive inability for your body’s tissues to repair and regenerate themselves. The act of rejuvenation is to actively reverse and dynamically assist the repair of your tissues on a daily basis. When significant laxity exists, surgical skin and soft tissue redraping or lifting are required. Facial Aging develops from the 5 different layers of the skin, fat, muscle and bone. During the first 20 years or so of life, the body genetically determines how to mature and repair a constantly changing “face” including all these layers (as it does elsewhere in the body). Thereafter it remains robust in repairing itself from injury but the accumulation of environmental, health and nutritional exposure will add to the passive inability for the body to care for itself after 30. This is when physical changes such as skin laxity, irregular pigmentation, lines and wrinkles and skin diseases occur. We now have many options to rejuvenate the layer or layers of the face which need care or stimulation to reverse the aging trend. 1. The top layer or stratum corneum of the epidermis is the rough, pigmented layer of the skin; creating most of the depth of the wrinkle. -Exfoliation is best for this using: -microdermabrasion, -Retin-A (ZO Obagi Skin Health System), which also renews and regulates improved function of the deeper epidermis, -Some lasers and chemical peels.
  1. The second layer is the dermis which thins with aging. The natural collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid (which hydrate and toughen the skin) are thickened by the use of: -fillers (Restylane and Juvederm), or -Retinoids (ZO Obagi Skin Health System), which also renews and regulates improved function of the deeper dermal skin cells. -Sculptra properly managed is the latest sensation in stimulating firming and thickening of the dermis 3.The next layer or fat also thins or droops with age and maybe:
-filled (Restylane and Juvederm), fat grafting or -redraped (threadlift, short-scar, traditional, endoscopic face / neck / brow lifts / cheek) 4. The muscle which creases the skin into wrinkles and folds is weakened and rebalanced with
  • -Botox or similar injectable muscle relaxers like Dysport or Xeomin.
  1. Bone also undergoes a dynamic process of resorption, thinning and descent. Options for cosmetic enhancements include:
-implants -structural fillers, particularly like Radiesse (bone mineral) -volumizing gel fillers like Juvederm and Restylane 6. Facelift, necklift and forehead lift are surgical procedures which include: -an incision along the periphery of the tissues -a suspension or re-positioning of the underlying soft tissues, and -a redraping of the skin with removal of skin excess. A sub-group to the facelift is the mid-face lift. This is used to detach the soft-tissues of the cheek which have descended, separated and lost volume and suspend them to the lower orbital rim. Generally, the fat pockets under the eyes are trimmed or added to the volume of the cheek and the eyelid skin is redraped. Chemical peels and laser tightening are single, “static” attempts to “jump” the repair system into collagen formation. They should be performed every 3 months in order to achieve a more dynamic stimulation of the immune system. Everyone needs one or more layered improvement and in personalized combinations to achieve their optimal result. You can understand why it takes a talented individual, preferably a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon with great experience in all options to evaluate your needs and find a plan that works best for you so you will not receive a non-biased approach because he or she are limited in his skills. I hope this has been educational and enlightening and helpful. All the best!   This information is not meant as medical advice. It is provided solely for education. Our practice would be pleased to discuss your unique circumstances and needs as they relate to these topics.

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